CNS biology (neuroanatomy and physiology)
The course covers the following topics:
- Preliminary information about mammalian nerve and glial cells: the brain and spinal cord, basic information about the peripheral nervous system, practical training in the brain anatomy (dissection of the brain, structure observation, comparison of human and the rat brain, anatomical systems of the brain: pyramidal, extrapyramidal, limbic and reticular systems).
- Anatomy of selected brain and spinal cord structures
: microscopic structure of the brain, neurotransmitters.
- Physiology of neurons: synapses, signal transduction, membrane potentials, neuronal-glial interaction, the role of glia in the signal transduction.
- Anatomy of neurotransmitters and their receptors: excitatory and inhibitory amino acids, monoamines, acetylcholine, neuropeptides and neuromodulators, the application of neurochemical anatomy methods to study the brain function.